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Notifiable Diseases


Reporting of notifiable diseases in Bay of Plenty and Lakes District Health Boards

Medical practitioners are required by Section 74 of the Health Act 1956 to report to the Medical Officer of Health any patient they have “reasonable suspicion” is suffering from a notifiable disease. Notification allows for appropriate public health control measures to be taken to reduce the risk of further spread, for disease surveillance and for monitoring of the effectiveness of control measures.

 

Urgent notifications (notify by phone immediately):

Toi Te Ora - Public Health Service provides 24 hours per day cover (including weekends and holidays) through the duty Medical Officer of Health or Health Protection Officer but the recommendation is that urgent phone notifications are made during office hours or until 10pm after hours. Overnight notifications can be made in cases of exceptional circumstances or urgency.

a) During office hours phone the duty Medical Officer of Health through the hospital switchboard (07 579 8000) or duty Health Protection Officer (021 241 4727 or 0800 221 555).
b) After hours until 10pm phone the Medical Officer of Health on call through the hospital switchboard.
c) Overnight in cases of exceptional circumstances or urgency contact the Medical Officer of Health on call through the hospital switchboard.

  • Acute gastroenteritis/food poisoning:
    Not every case of acute gastroenteritis is necessarily notifiable.

    Notify if:
    • Two or more cases of acute gastroenteritis are suspected to be linked to a common source;
    • A person with acute gastroenteritis is at high risk of infecting others (eg, works as a food handler or childcare worker); or
    • A person with acute gastroenteritis is thought to have chemical, bacterial or toxic food poisoning.
  • Anthrax

  • Arboviral disease (dengue fever, zika)

  • Avian influenza (highly pathogenic)

  • Botulism

  • Cholera

  • Cronobacter species (formerly known as Enterobacter Sakazakii)

  • Diphtheria

  • Haemophilus influenzae B invasive disease

  • Hepatitis A

  • Measles

  • Meningoencephalitis – primary amoebic

  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

  • Neisseria meningitidis invasive disease

  • Non-seasonal influenza

  • Plague

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Rabies (and other lyssaviruses)

  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

  • Toxic shellfish poisoning

  • Typhoid and paratyphoid fever

  • Verotoxin or Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC/STEC)

  • Viral haemorrhagic fevers

  • Outbreak of any notifiable disease: an outbreak is classified as two or more cases linked to a common source.

 

Non-urgent notifications (notify by fax within 2 working days):

Please complete the Notifiable Diseases form and fax to 0800 668 934 (Medical Officer of Health).  However please do notify immediately by phone if you think there are any circumstances or particulars about the case that require urgent public health follow up.

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Report using the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome case report form, instead of the Notifiable Diseases form.
  • Brucellosis

  • Campylobacteriosis

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob disease (and other spongiform encephalopathies)

  • Cryptosporidiosis

  • Cysticercosis

  • Decompression sickness

  • Giardiasis

  • Hepatitis B (acute illness only)

  • Hepatitis C (acute illness only)

  • Hepatitis (viral) – not otherwise specified (acute illness only)

  • HSDIRT (see below)

  • Hydatid disease

  • Invasive pneumococcal disease

  • Lead absorption ≥ 10 ug/dl (0.48 umol/l)

  • Legionellosis

  • Leprosy

  • Leptospirosis

  • Listeriosis

  • Malaria

  • Mumps

  • NODS - Notifiable Occupational Disease (see below)

  • Pertussis

  • Poisoning or an injury arising from hazardous substances or from chemical contamination of the environment eg. pesticide poisoning

  • Q fever

  • Rheumatic fever

  • Rickettsial diseases

  • Rubella

  • Salmonellosis

  • Shigellosis

  • Taeniasis

  • Tetanus

  • Trichinosis

  • Tuberculosis (all forms)

  • Yellow fever

  • Yersiniosis


Notifiable Occupational Disease (NODS)

Notify WorkSafe New Zealand of a health problem that may have been caused by work.

 

Notification of poisoning or injury caused by hazardous substances

Medical practitioners are required by Section 74 of the Health Act 1956 and Section 143 Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 to report to the local Medical Officer of Health any patient suffering from poisoning or an injury from hazardous substances or from chemical contamination of the environment e.g. pesticide poisoning.

Notification is to be based upon “reasonable suspicion”.  Reported cases found not to be substantiated can be eliminated at a later date.

The preferred method of notification is via the Hazardous Disease and Injury Reporting tool in the patient management system of medical clinics.

Alternatively, this form can be completed and faxed to 0800 668 934.

For information about Hazardous Substances Surveillance visit the Environmental Health Indicators New Zealand website.

Last modified: 19 Dec 2016
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